Hantzsch Pyridine Synthesis; Gattermann-Skita Synthesis; Guareschi-Thorpe Condensation;
Knoevenagel-Fries Modification


A. Hantzsch, Ann. 215, 1, 72 (1882); Ber. 18, 1744 (1885); 19, 289 (1886)
Knocvenagel-Fries modification: E. Knoevenagel, A. Fries, Ber. 31, 761 (1898)
E. Knoevenagel, W. Cremer, Ber. 35, 390 (1902).
A. P. Philips, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 71, 4003 (1949)
R. C. Elderfield, Heterocyclic Compounds 1, 462 (New York 1950)
C. A. C. Haley and P. Maitland, J. Chem. Soc. 1951, 3155
J. A. Berson and E. Brown, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 77, 444 958)
L. Kuss and P. Karrer, Helv. Chim. Acta 40, 740 (1957)
E. H. Rodd, Chemistry of Carbon Compounds IVA, 495 (New York, 1957)
Cf. Gattermann-Skita Synthesis; Guareschi-Thorpe Condensation; Knoevenagel-Fries
Modification; Chichibabin Pyridine Synthesis; Petrenko-Kritschenko Piperidone Synthesis.


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